September 18 and 19, 2017 in St. Petersburg the statutory bodies of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Collective Security Treaty (PA CST) carried out a number of activities, including those related to the implementation of the provisions of the CST Security Program of Activity on the approximation and harmonization of national legislation of states - members of CST for 2016-2020.
Dmitry Perevalov, STC deputy head responsible for scientific work, as an expert and member of the CST Council of Experts and Advisory Council took part in this work on September 18, 2017, and on September 19, 2017 - he participated in the meeting of the CST Standing Committee on Defense and security.
At the meeting of the Expert Advisory Council, STC representative presented to the leadership and members of the council drafts of model laws on "Ensuring National Security", "On Security of Critical Objects". Those recommendations are developed by STC in accordance with the Program of Activities of the CST Security Council for the approximation and harmonization of the national legislation of the CST member states for 2016-2020 in the framework of ongoing research on the topic "Actual directions for improving the international legal and national legal framework for national security CST member states "(the cipher" CST Security ").
The draft model law "On ensuring national security" defines: the basic conceptual-categorical apparatus; spheres and types of national security; purpose, objectives, basic principles and directions for ensuring national security; list of threats; features of public administration in the field of national security; national security system; list and contents of measures to ensure national security.
The draft model law "On the Security of Critical Objects" includes: the basic conceptual-categorical apparatus; features of public administration in the field of security of the CWE; criteria and procedure for assigning objects of socio-economic infrastructure to the CWE, as well as their exclusion from the list of such facilities; systems for the safe operation and security of the CWE; composition and functioning of the state system of response to security incidents of critical infrastructure.
These drafts of model laws contain scientific approaches developed in Belarus on the basis of the current legislation of CST member states, best practices of law-making and law enforcement activities in the relevant spheres.
In accordance with the decision of the Council, the drafts of model laws were approved and planned for submission to the next meeting of the Expert Advisory Council in April 2018, taking into account the finalization works.
At the meeting of CST Standing Committee on Defense and Security, which was held on September 19, 2017, a number of draft recommendations were considered, including the draft Recommendations developed by STC for the improvement and harmonization of the legislation of CST member states regulating relations in the sphere of ensuring national security, and Recommendations on the harmonization of the legislation of CST member states in the field of information and analytical work of law enforcement agencies. The draft Recommendations were adopted without any comments and recommended for submission to the next plenary session of the CST PA, which is scheduled to be held in mid-October 2017.
Adoption of the relevant CST recommendations and model acts will allow to create effective organizational and legal mechanisms ensuring the formation and development of a system for ensuring national security, including the sphere of security of critical infrastructure. Their adoption and implementation will ensure the improvement of the quality of regulatory legal acts adopted in the sphere of ensuring national security, will give targetedness to state policy in the area under consideration, which in turn will increase the effectiveness of its implementation.
Acceptance of the submitted recommendations and model acts will also allow:
1) to ensure the harmonization of national legislative and other normative acts in the sphere of ensuring national security;
2) expand the integration of the systems of ensuring national security of CST member states;
3) to settle issues related to the implementation of measures to ensure national security, which should be uniformly resolved by all CST member states;
4) agree on approaches to training specialists in the field of national security, etc.
Development of these documents was carried out in cooperation with the specialists of the state educational institution "Institute of National Security of the Republic of Belarus", educational institution "Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus", state educational institution "Institute of the Border Service of the Republic of Belarus".
During the same period, meetings were held with representatives of scientific and educational institutions of the Russian Federation, conducting research in the field of political science and jurisprudence, specialists in the field of ensuring national security of the CST member states, studying the experience of CST member states in the field of legal regulation and ensuring national security; including in the non-state sector, scientific material has been selected for the ongoing development of problems of ensuring national security of the Republic of Belarus.